Raboti Malik Caravanserai and Sardoba
Architectural and functional design solutions of the Raboti Malik Complex, as an integral part of infrastructure and the only local water source, reflect the impact of the integration process with active cultural and commercial exchanges on the Silk Roads. The caravanserai with its function as a royal place (residence) marks a significant development from the original caravanserais as stations for fighters for faiths to fortifications serving as hotels and caravanserais. The structure of both, the Sardoba and Caravanserai, is an outstanding example of human creativity to find sophisticated architectural and planning solutions in land-use allowing the necessary living conditions in the dry-steppe environment. Raboti Malik complex is an outstanding example of the type of structures that appeared only to maintain communication on the caravan trade routes, illustrating an important stage in the development of human history. The complex planning solutions of Raboti Malik, functioned for the protection of convoys in the extreme climatic conditions is a unique example human relationship with the environment. The Sardoba contributed to the full functioning of the caravan connections on the road in extreme climatic conditions.