The mosque of Deggaron.
The Sogdian temple of Jartepa II is located in the countryside, on the caravan route from Samarkand to Penjikent, in the area that in ancient times was called Rustak Varagsar.
In the early stages of its development, the Jartepa II temple was a rural fortified mansion. Later, having been rebuilt in the 5th century it was converted to a temple, which existed until the first decades of the 8th century. The earliest remains of Jartepa II are important to comprehend the history of rural life in Sogd, but they are not as unique as the temple that replaced them.
Prior to the beginning of archaeological research, the site was a 60 × 40 m large butte stretched along the north-south axis. The outcome of many years of research was a new Sogdian temple discovered on Jartepa II. The ruins of this temple are a complex archaeological site that is clearly demarcated into five construction periods.
The data obtained as a result of archaeological research of this Sogdian temple shed new light on all stages of the development of Sogdian society, religion and art through the early Middle Ages. The Jartepa temple appeared simultaneously with the famous temples of Penjikent in the 5th century, but its architecture has been better preserved offering more opportunities for visual reconstruction. The magnificent appearance of the building, its dimensions, rich interior design, numerous religious artefacts, its location on the caravan route make it possible to assume that the Jartepa temple went beyond a local rural sanctuary. It is likely that this structure served as a temple for a wider circle of people: travelers, pilgrims, merchants, etc. In this case, the Jartepa temple was a pan-Sogdian sanctuary, like the Takhsich temple in Ishtikhan, which was also located outside the city.
Inclusion of this site in the nomination of "Silk Roads" to the UNESCO World Heritage List will reveal the functional diversity, rich history and very ancient traditions of Maverannahr architecture, as well as guarantee its competent restoration and conservation, preservation of its authenticity and popularization.
In order to prepare the documentation on this site within the nomination dossier "Silk Roads: Zaravshan-Karakum Corridor" the following materials were collected:
• 2348 photos (including detailed aerial photos of facades and roofs of the architectural elements, perspective and artistic aerial photos, panoramic photos, as well as images revealing the visual access points in the context of urban environment on the human eye level);
• 7 video overflights that give a complete view of the size of the site and the city-planning (urban) context;
As a result, the following results were obtained:
• detailed orthophotomosaic and 3D-model of the territory of the site, where it is possible to visually identify the architectural, infrastructure, household and other elements in details;
• Digital Elevation Model (DEM), which provides the most complete assessment of the urban and natural landscape features, as well as a detailed topographic map of the area;
• detailed 3D-models of the architectural sites, fully transmitting the entire spectrum of visual perception, as the object as a whole, and its particular elements (documentary accuracy of the form and geometry in real time with geo-referencing, high-resolution texture, allowing a visual assessment of the smallest details, etc.)