High in the mountains, the settlement of Kum, comprising of extremely well-preserved castle as well as palace, living quarters and fortifications, where the last ruler of Panjakent, Divashtich, took refuge from persecution, reflects the national culture and life of highland Sogdiana in the late 7th - early 8th centuries.
Penjikent expedition
Kum Settlement

In the farce from the fortress, in the valley of Kum, the battle of the Sogdians with the Arabs took place, after which Divashtich, the best-known ruler of Sogdian principality, fell and surrendered in 722. Excavations of the larger part of the Kum settlement, combined with written data obtained in the castle on Mount Mug (six kilometers away), allow to describe more accurately the historical situation and the heroic confrontation of the population of the mountain Sogdiana. Kum represents the town planning and fortifications along the Silk Roads as well as Sogdian palatial structures of petty rulers, who were engaged in the Silk Road trade. It is also an example of outstanding human activity in unfavorable mountain environment and bear witness to Islamization of the area, through archaeological materials. The well-preserved fortifications and architecture of Kum and its historical significance is pivotal for the nomination.

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